PhD School of Physics

University of Padova, 2020-2021

Lecturers: Roberto Onofrio and Luca Salasnich



The course gives an introduction to quantum phenomena with atoms and ions which are currently under intensive investigations: Bose-Einstein condensation, topological quantum states, and ion quantum computers. Both experimental and theoretical methods and techniques will be discussed and analyzed.
Period: November 2020 - February 2021.
Exam: Seminar of the student on a specific topic of the course.
Video Presentation


1. Bose-Einstein condensation with ultracold alkali-metal atoms (4 h, LS).
2. Experimental trapping techniques for atoms and ions (4 h, RO).
3. Topological quantum states with ultracold atoms (4 h, LS).
4. Superfluid hydrodynamics (4 h, LS).
5. Two-dimensional systems: topological phase transition of Kosterlitz-Thouless (2 h, LS).
6. Ginzburg-Landau equation (2 h, LS).
7. Experimental and theoretical methods for optical lattices and ion quantum computers (4 h, RO).


Suggested books

[b1] L. Salasnich, Quantum Physics of Light and Matter, sections 6.3, 6.6, 7.2-7.8, 8.2-8.4 (Springer, 2017).
[b2] H.T.C. Stoof, K.B. Gubbels, D.B.M. Dickerscheid, Ultracold Quantum Fields, sections 15.3 and 15.4 (Springer, 2009).
[b3] D. McKay, B. De Marco, Cooling in strongly correlated optical lattices: prospects and challenges, Rep. Prog. Phys. 74, 054401 (2011).